Biden policy and its implications in the region

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Finally, and after long maneuvers and events in the US elections for the first time, the new president, Joe Biden, was officially elected and started exercising his constitutional powers officially. Being one of the most important members of the party and one of the planners of its plans, in addition to being an important position in the government of President Barack Obama, his opinions and decisions had consequences on US policy that affected the reality in the region and the world.
As for his presidential team, Biden has chosen figures to manage the important positions in the country, figures from the left-liberal trend in the American Democratic Party, known for their political, military, security, or economic careers, and perhaps looking at those names that will run the helm of US policy in the world and the region in particular will help us understand to outline the policy of the new US government where President Biden’s team will be:
– kamala Harris (Vice President)
– Cidrley Sanders
– Elizabeth Warren
– Alexandra Cottiz
– Elian Omar
The new president and his team are waiting for several axes, the most important and complex is in the Middle East region, which is as follows:
Biden and the Gulf region
President Biden’s statements during his election campaign appeared to be worrying from Saudi Arabia, especially its raising of human rights files, most notably the murder case of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi. It is difficult to predict what opening of such files will result in, for the first time in the history of Saudi Arabia in addition to files related to its foreign policy, such as the Yemen war, which will cause pressure. In addition to Saudi Arabia, which is already burdened with important files internally and externally, as its policy witnessed a clear deviation that led to reconciliation with Qatar and rapprochement with Turkey to win strong allies to restore balance in the face of Iran and its arms.

Biden and Iraq
Regarding the Iraqi file, Biden is considered one of the experts that he is familiar with it as a result of his assumption of responsibility for the Iraqi file in the government of former President Barack Obama (in addition to his role as Vice President) and he had 3 American deputies of Iraqi origin, the most important of them (Qubad Talabani, who is now deputy to the head of the government of Iraqi Kurdistan), President Biden is a supporter of the project to divide Iraq. Observers also expect that the US military presence will be strengthened by sending additional forces to Iraq, as the US government received a request from the Iraqi government to discuss the strategy for the presence of US forces in Iraq, with President Biden stressing the need to limit the power of the militias and their control over the regions of Iraq and the state and government decisions, as it is expected to provide greater support to the government of Baghdad, whose head, Mustafa Al-Kazemi, which tried to confront the power of the militias several times without success, which greatly affected the hope of the Iraqi street to impose the law and the authority of the central government.

Biden and Iran
Iran, which has suffered at all levels, whether from the US economic sanctions against it during the term of President Trump or through the assassinations of important figures and the strategic decision-making circles in Iran, internally and externally, is expected to ease the impact of these pressures and in a tangible way, for several reasons include re-adjusting the balance of regional powers without tipping the balance of one of them at the expense of the other, and the most prominent of these rising powers is Turkey, and on the other hand, for the purpose of pressure on the Gulf states, in addition to the fact that the United States does not have more pressure on Iran to take concessions Among them, the sanctions relief will be one of the US’s papers in exchange for the Iranians ’retreat from some files, amendments to the nuclear program, and the redeployment of Iranian long-range missile bases and placing them outside the Israeli airspace.

Biden and Turkey
Turkey represents the most difficult and important file for Middle Eastern politics, as President Biden previously stated, for what Turkey was able to achieve during the past two decades of industrial, agricultural and political development, which transferred it to the ranks of major countries and became an important influence in the region and the world without forgetting its success in many files, the most prominent of which was the important victory achieved in the Azerbaijani Karadag region, which could not have been achieved without the Turkish support, taking into account the approaching end of the Treaty of Lausanne in 2023, which will give Turkey new pressure papers that it did not possess previously.

Biden and Syria
On the Syrian level, President Biden declared that he would make this place safer, and perhaps this means direct intervention in the Syrian file, which is crowded with important players, chief among them Russia, Turkey and Iran.

The New Middle East and Israel
It is expected that we will reach a new Middle East with very different features and shapes than we are today, especially with the acceleration of the wheel of normalization and openness, being declared or not, between the countries of the region and Israel.
In conclusion, the coming months will witness major and important events, and the region will witness a hot summer.

 

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Thualfuqar Center for Strategic Studies, Research and Human Rights .... Thualfuqar center is a private, independent research institution concerned with public affairs in Iraq and the effects of its regional and international environment.

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