Demographic change in the modern history of Iraq

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Iraq is considered one of the countries that has undergone the most demographic change throughout the ages, for several reasons, including the long life of this country, which extends for more than 7 thousand years, and the events, invasions and occupations that it has gone through, and given the important location and countless natural bounties that this country enjoys, we will try to shed light on On the demographic change that occurred in the demographic structure in Iraq after the end of World War II and to this day, which has been the power of authority is the weapon imposed on the people of this country, driven by power struggles and the interests of its men at one time and from regional conflicts at other times, and the victim has always been the Iraqi citizen and the majority of this The people have no fault except that they belong to this religion, sect or nationalism.The Iraqi citizen must be treated as an Iraqi, not because he belongs to a particular religion, sect, nationality, or race. Political disagreements should not be brought to bear on the Iraqi citizen. This is what happens in countries ruled by open regimes and have a correct vision, even if they Democracy is practiced in form, not in substance.

The fabric of Iraqi society consists of several religions, nationalities and races that live and coexist away from these names and dependencies, and you rarely find their counterparts in other countries, and this is one of the most important features of Iraqi society.

In this study, we will discuss the emigration and displacement that surrounded the Jews of Iraq in the early fifties of the last century.

The Jews represent one of the components of Iraqi society, and their presence in Iraq dates back to the seventh century BC, and they lived, coexisted, and integrated into the Iraqi society. For example, Sassoon Heskel was the first Minister of Finance in the royal era in 1921. He was one of the people known for his integrity and efficiency. We did not see a single penny lost from the state budget at his time and in the scientific field, Dr. Jacques Abboud, who was one of the most skilled brain surgeons in the world and intended for patients from European countries , and the list goes on, and Iraq is a country known for the competence of its sons in various specializations.

After the well-known outcome of the 1948 war, it was harsh on the Arab peoples, especially the peoples of the Arab countries that participated in the war, and Iraq is one of them, but it witnessed only individual attacks on Iraqis of the Jewish faith, which were more limited than to mention at all, but after the emergence of the Arab national tide and the success of the 1952 revolution and the arrival of Gamal Abdel Nasser to rule and the national tide intensified in the countries of the region. At the beginning of 1954, the Jews of Iraq were subjected to many harassment and attacks that prompted them to leave Iraq for Iran as a temporary stop until the situation calmed down. Some of them sold what they owned, and the bulk of them left their property and business in Iraq Hoping that the situation will calm down and they will return to Iraq.

The Jews lived in several areas in Baghdad, and they represented the vast majority in some areas, such as Al-Bataween, Al-Karrada Al-Sharqiah and Al-Nahr Street, and it was one of the best and most prestigious areas of Baghdad at the time, in addition to their presence in the provinces of Babil, Diyala, Dhi Qar, Maysan, Anbar, Mosul, Kirkuk and Basra.

And Jewish money and property became under the control of the General Secretariat for Frozen Funds, which was established after (the 58th revolution).
To be continued…..

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Thualfuqar Center for Strategic Studies, Research and Human Rights .... Thualfuqar center is a private, independent research institution concerned with public affairs in Iraq and the effects of its regional and international environment.

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