What if Iraqi youth were given the choice between emigration and staying (Home) in the country?

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The youth are the latent human potential, the reserved power, and the nation’s secret of life that full of vitality, ambition, and hope to change reality towards a better future. All nations are proud of the high proportion of youth in their population, as they are the group that is responsible for advancing the implementation of the country’s development plans. The needs of the youth are similar in all parts of the world, but governments differ according to the type of policies they adopt in addressing youth issues.

Here, the focus of our conversation in this study is mainly to overview the answer of the above heading As these questions are considered a fundamental questions that clarify the reality of what the Iraqi youth are going through, the political upheavals, and regional conflicts which made the Iraqi youth stop dreaming except of a livelihood and simple citizenship that achieves a decent life for them, My dears, very briefly: Why would any Iraqi youth think of leaving his country? What did successive governments and politicians offer to Iraqi youth? Aren’t youth stuffed with promises over the past 17 years? Perhaps this is the answer to our previous question.

The investment of young people in any nation will depend on two main axes The first axis: is the positive investment for youth and their segment, which is the basis for building the nation.

It is the main and basic engine for the process of development, construction and progress in all fields and levels People benefit from them, the economy revives and security, safety and stability will spread. all of that is done by the ambitions of youth and developing their capabilities to face the difficulties in the process of construction and development The second axis: is the passive investment of youth Which is based on wasting these energies, disrupting them and not benefiting from their enormous capabilities, so that they later turn into a cause of delaying the country, breaking the wheel of the economy, and becoming a cause of the security conflict represented by the sectarian tension which leads to a complete paralysis in all the facilities of life, if it is not quickly acted with.

the most important examples of passive investment for Iraqi youth is the following: First: wars and battles Wars in all its forms are considered the most dangerous weapons that are based on the destruction of human energy in general and youth in particular.

it is a major cause of peoples’ backwardness and retreat from moving forward in the way of construction and development in all areas of life as wars lead to waste material, human and moral energies, and aborte the development thinking that contributes fundamentally in building the country, which makes these countries suffer from exacerbating crises. the reason for that is the destruction of the main building block and the true basis for the process of reviving the country as wars kill and impedes youth, whether physically or psychologically, so that we find ourselves helpless after the country lost its true strategic future stock. modern Iraqi history, since the beginning of the eighties, is replete with an enormous amount of wars and grinding battles that left traces of disasters upon the shoulder of its youth, Here it must be clarified that we are not referring to male youth only.

When males were on the battlefield, also Iraqi women lost a husband, brother, and father.

Which in turn led to a real exhaustion of this group of people. As for these wars, they are not unknown by the reader, but they must be mentioned, beginning in the year 80/81 and up to the present day.

Second, economic recession: As for this axis, wars usually produce an extremely wealthy class, which is the class of weapon, death and destruction dealers, and this class is clear and known to the Iraqi youth from 17 years ago to our present day.

On the other hand, Wars produce unemployed youth who are burdened with economic and social problems that they cannot bear.

Therefore, we saw the Iraqi youth fight on the fronts and go with his vacations to work for a daily wage in order to support their family.

After all this and that it falls upon them to endure the austerity and economic stagnation that wars produce Perhaps it is better for us to hold the reins of words here to cite the noble verse ” What is [wrong] with you? How do you make judgement?” As-Saffat 154. We will continue by overviewing the most important axes that fall under this matter, which are: The unemployment: unemployment is the most important outcome of the economic recession, and the lack of opportunities, which makes young people feel frustrated, broken and disappointed that leads them to dire results, so these youth become a disrupted force ridden to illegal ways to work in the form of emigration.

Identity crisis: As for this matter, perhaps what we mentioned previously about the reality that Iraqi youth are experiencing, the successive crises that have unfolded on the country and the frustrations that youth have been subjected to. We do not say that they give up their identity, but rather look for a refuge and ways to emigrate that provide them with decent livelihoods and save them from the torments of the ongoing conflict, wars, sectarian strife, social injustice and the difficulty in obtaining work opportunities, That is real reflections on their bitter reality.

Among the irrefutable examples at the present time of the existence of a real identity crisis is what is common in the Iraqi street, with young people being accused sometimes of following Iran, another is following Saudi Arabia, and the third is following Turkey, Qatari, or Emirati agendas. In a way of trying to give an opinion or to be involved in making a certain decision, then it is forgotten that they are Iraqis!?. Education crisis It is obvious to the reader what Iraq has gone through over the course of nearly two decades of a clear and tangible deterioration of the educational process in the country, starting with primary schools, then secondary schools, and ending with university education, as students suffer from many things Perhaps the most important, especially in universities, is favoritism, political consequences and unequal opportunities, especially after the approval of private education with students of public universities, and students who do not have the financial means, which made a state of frustration and a sense of despair among most university youth, especially the difficulty of providing job opportunities after graduation This is one of the main reasons that higher education suffers in particular, is the unequal education outputs with the available job opportunities in the labor market, and the failure of many government institutions to absorb graduate students and find jobs that suit their specialization.

As for the academic and professional side, it is not immune to this reality, especially for many graduates of express courses, as they are not qualified to lead a generation and emerge from it with real educational outcomes.

After reviewing all this, I think it is easy to answer the above question; What if Iraqi youth were given the choice between emigration and staying (Home) in the country? Will it come for the Iraqi youth to live in a real, clean, hidden reality in which they will contribute to build the country and find in it those who value their energies and efforts? We ask God to show us this reality.

 

 

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Thualfuqar Center for Strategic Studies, Research and Human Rights .... Thualfuqar center is a private, independent research institution concerned with public affairs in Iraq and the effects of its regional and international environment.

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